CPC-EM: Volume 7 Issue 4

A Woman with Abdominal Pain After Lap-belt Trauma

Chandler Davis,

A 24-year-old female presented to the emergency department with diffuse abdominal pain after involvement as a restrained driver in a motor vehicle collision (MVC). Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a traumatic abdominal wall hernia due to rectus wall rupture with complete bowel herniation.

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Bullous Pemphigoid Causing Successive Emergency Department Visits

Edmund Hsu, MD

In this case presentation, an 84-year-old male with Fitzpatrick type IV skin tone experienced blistering due to bullous pemphigoid (BP), first on the distal upper left extremity and then on the distal lower extremities, chest, and back. These symptoms resulted in three visits to the emergency department within a month, as well as an episode of hospitalization. Despite treatment, the blistering did not resolve until future outpatient care with dermatology.

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Pyolaryngocele Presenting with Acute-onset Stridor

Shyam Sabat, MD

This case describes the classic imaging findings of pyolaryngocele and highlights the importance of prompt imaging for diagnosis of clinically occult airway lesions. The case also highlights how pyolaryngoceles can become large and present with acute-onset clinical symptoms, including stridor and dyspnea.

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Diagnosis of Endophthalmitis and Orbital Abscess by Ultrasound: A Case Report

Stephen Haight, MD

The diagnosis of ocular pathology by point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has been well established for entities such as retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, posterior vitreous detachment, and lens dislocation.
However, the use of ultrasound to detect other conditions such as orbital abscess and endophthalmitis in the emergency setting is rarely reported.

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Traumatic Anterior Tibial Artery Pseudoaneurysm: A Case Report

Aaron Thomas, MD

Traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the limbs are rare, with few cases described in vascular literature. Treatment is variable and dependent upon presentation and impact on local anatomy affected. Rapid assessment can be performed with ultrasound and assist in treatment decisions. We describe a case of traumatic anterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysm, which was rapidly identified with point-of-care ultrasound leading to definitive surgical management.

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Spontaneous Aortic Rupture: A Case Report

Eshaan J. Daas, MD

Acute aortic syndrome (AAS) includes the disease processes of aortic dissection, penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer, and intramural hematoma. This case demonstrates an atypical presentation of the disease and offers approaches to potentially prevent missed diagnoses.

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A Case Report of Pneumoretroperitoneum from Blunt Trauma in a Patient with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Annemarie Daecher, MD

Pneumomediastinum is a rare complication of blunt traumatic injury and is thought to be due to the Macklin effect, a pathophysiologic process comprised of three steps: alveolar rupture secondary to blunt injury; air dissecting along bronchovascular sheaths; and spread of pulmonary interstitial edema into the mediastinal space. Pneumomediastinum is rarely associated with pneumoretroperitoneum.

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Costoclavicular Brachial Plexus Block Facilitates Painless Upper Extremity Reduction: A Case Report

M. Townsend Reeves, MD

The costoclavicular brachial plexus block (CCBPB) has emerged as a more effective approach to regional anesthesia of the upper extremity. The costoclavicular space is the anterior portion of the superior thoracic aperture, located between the clavicle and first rib. The brachial plexus cords traverse this space clustered together in a superficial location lateral to the axillary artery and share a consistent topographical relationship to one another. By targeting the brachial plexus at this specific anatomical location, the CCBPB offers a powerful, single-shot, sensorimotor block of the upper extremity below the shoulder. We present a novel application of the CCBPB to facilitate emergency department (ED) analgesia and closed reduction of an upper extremity fracture.

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Mpox in the Emergency Department: A Case Series

Michael Musharbash, MD

We sought to describe the demographic characteristics, clinical features, and outcomes of a cohort of patients who presented to our emergency departments with mpox (formerly known as monkeypox) infection between May 1–August 1, 2022.

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Establishing a Novel Group-based Litigation Peer Support Program to Promote Wellness for Physicians Involved in Medical Malpractice Lawsuits

Marla C. Doehring, MD

Being named as a defendant in a malpractice lawsuit is known to be a particularly high-stress and vulnerable time for a physician. Medical malpractice stress syndrome (MMSS) is a consequence of being named as a physician defendant in a malpractice lawsuit. Symptoms include depression, anxiety, and insomnia, which may lead to burnout, loss of confidence in clinical decision-making, substance abuse, strain on personal and professional relationships, and suicidal ideation. Although the legal process requires strict confidentiality regarding the specific details of the legal case, discussing the emotional impact of the case is not prohibited. Given that physicians often do not choose formalized therapy with a licensed professional, there is a recognized need to provide physicians with options to support their wellness during a lawsuit.

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Contact Information

WestJEM/ Department of Emergency Medicine
UC Irvine Health

333 The City Blvd. West, Rt 128-01
Suite 640
Orange, CA 92868, USA
Phone: 1-714-456-6389
Email: editor@westjem.org


ISSN: 1936-900X
e-ISSN: 1936-9018

ISSN: 2474-252X

Our Philosophy

Emergency Medicine is a specialty which closely reflects societal challenges and consequences of public policy decisions. The emergency department specifically deals with social injustice, health and economic disparities, violence, substance abuse, and disaster preparedness and response. This journal focuses on how emergency care affects the health of the community and population, and conversely, how these societal challenges affect the composition of the patient population who seek care in the emergency department. The development of better systems to provide emergency care, including technology solutions, is critical to enhancing population health.