Man with Scrotal Rupture

Author Affiliation
Andrew Perechocky, MD Boston Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts
Liam Mahoney, MBBS Boston Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts
Gina Lopez, MD, MPH Boston Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts

Case presentation
Discussion

CASE PRESENTATION

A 55-year-old male presented to the emergency department (ED) with scrotal pain and swelling. He reported that four months prior, he fell and sustained minor trauma to his scrotum. Since that time he had progressive pain and swelling of the scrotum. His past medical history was unknown, as the patient had not sought medical care in many years. That evening when he sat on the toilet he felt his scrotum “explode” and saw pus and tissue in the toilet. Physical exam was notable for a ruptured scrotum (Image 1) with frank purulence and excoriation of the ventral aspect of the penis. The patient was also noted to have pitting edema to the mid-abdomen. A computed tomography (CT) was obtained (Image 2).

Image 1
Scrotal rupture (white arrow)

Image 2
Computed tomography (sagittal view) of genitalia showing focal fluid 1.0 cm in thickness tracking along the superior aspect of the penile shaft (black arrow)

DISCUSSION

While testicular rupture is not uncommon, isolated scrotal rupture is a rare entity. It can be a consequence of blunt trauma to the genitalia,1 often from a sports injury or motor vehicle accident. Birth trauma in a neonate has also been reported as a cause of scrotal rupture.2 Scrotal rupture is a urologic emergency that requires operative repair.

This patient received antibiotics in the ED. Urology was consulted and performed a penoscrotal exploration and debridement in the operating room. Approximately 30% of the scrotum was necrotic and removed, but the testicles remained intact. The patient was admitted to the surgical intensive care unit where cardiology was consulted for assistance managing the patient’s decompensated heart failure. On day 12 the patient was discharged from the hospital with anti-hypertensive medications as well as urology and cardiology outpatient follow-up.

 

CPC-EM Capsule

What do we already know about this clinical entity?

Scrotal rupture is a rare entity typically caused by blunt trauma such as a sports injury or motor vehicle accident. It is a urologic emergency that requires operative repair.

What is the major impact of the image?

The image serves as a reference for scrotal rupture. Comparable images are not readily available to the medical community.

How might this improve emergency medicine practice?

The image raises awareness of this clinical entity for emergency physicians, urologists, surgeons, and other clinicians who care for patients with traumatic injuries.

 

Footnotes

Section Editor: Rick A. McPheeters, DO

Full text available through open access at http://escholarship.org/uc/uciem_cpcem

Address for Correspondence: Andrew Perechocky, MD, Boston Medical Center, Dowling 1 South, Room 1322, Boston, MA 02118. E-mail: andrew.perechocky@bmc.org. 1:415 – 416

Submission history: Revision received May 5, 2017; Submitted June 8, 2017; Accepted June 7, 2018

Conflicts of Interest: By the CPC-EM article submission agreement, all authors are required to disclose all affiliations, funding sources and financial or management relationships that could be perceived as potential sources of bias. The authors disclosed none.

REFERENCES

1. Freehill MT, Gorbachinsky I, Lavender JD, et al. Presumed testicular rupture during a basketball game: a case report and review of the literature for on-field recognition and management. Sports Health. 2015;7(2):177-80.

2. Negrine R, Easter W, Fraser I, et al. Neonatal testicular trauma: scrotal rupture. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2010;95(3):F193.